What is the Paris Agreement?
– Will all the pledges keep global heating to only a 1.5°C rise?
– What are your Country’s Paris pledges? and is it on track to meet them?
The reasons for action – from the Paris Agreement
What is the Paris Agreement?
On 12th December 2015 the Parties at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris agreed The Adoption of the Paris Agreement . A Party is a Country, or, in the case of the EU, a Party that submits an extra combined pledge. The Paris Agreement was open for signatures and ratifications on 22nd April 2016 and the list of the dates per Party can be found here at the United Nations Treaty Collection.
When will the Paris Agreement make a difference?
The UNFCCC timeline infographic shows events up to 2017 including the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) being established in 1989, (IPCC) reports, the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change) coming into force in 1994, the Kyoto adoption in 1997, Copenhagen in 2009, the adoption of the Paris Agreement in Dec 2015 and the Paris Agreement entering into force on 4 November 2016.
Most Parties submitted Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the UN prior to the Paris Conference of Parties (COP21) of December 2015, pledging to reduce Greenhouse Gases, and some have upgraded these to full Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).
In Dec 2018, at the COP24 in Katowice an agreement on domestic climate actions was published. It sets out how countries will provide information about mitigation and adaptation measures as well as details of financial support for climate action in developing countries.
On 23rd Sept 2019 there will be a UN Climate Summit in New York. “The Secretary-General is inviting all Heads of State and Government to attend the Summit, to present their progress to date and their future ambition. He has asked these leaders to bring bold announcements and actions that will reduce emissions and strengthen climate resilience.”
Mission 2020 tracks the actions that are needed and progress to the greenhouse gas reductions needed.
To find the latest (I)NDC for your Country/Party go to the UNs NDC Registry (Interim).
Will the pledges keep global heating to only a 1.5°C rise?
The original INDC pledges did not add up to a sufficient reduction in Greenhouse Gas to limit Global Warming to the 1.5˚C above pre-industrial levels that would minimise climate breakdown. The UN’s Emissions Gap report, published shortly before COP24 in Poland, showed that global efforts to meet the temperature goals of the Paris Agreement are now substantially off-track.
Even though the Paris process has a built in ‘ratchet’ mechanism, and pledges should be continually replaced by more ambitious pledges, it is clear that we are heading for calamity, unless we reduce Greenhouse gas massively, starting from NOW.
All countries (including each EU Country) must update their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)—by 2020. The UN is convening a summit in Sept 2019 as a preliminary session to gather more ambitious pledges.
Do your Country’s NDC pledges acknowledge the Climate Emergency? Do the pledges include ambitious actions and policies to be zero carbon by at least 2030?