Currently (March 2019), the UK’s Paris pledge was still the combined EU Intended Nationally Determined Contribution submitted by Latvia in April 2015. It refers to the 2˚C target, now understood to be too dangerous.
This EU INDC pledges a “binding target of an at least 40% domestic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 to be fulfilled jointly”. Although some EU Countries have submitted their own NDCs now, the UK has not, even though it is on the brink of leaving the EU.
At the Climate Action Summit of Sept 2019 the “UK pledged to double its funding to tackle climate change through overseas development aid to £11.6 billion over the next five years.”
Greenpeace UK said, reported by The Guardian “This is the first big test of Boris Johnson’s climate and environmental leadership on the world stage, and he’s heading for a flop. The collection of pet projects announced here falls desperately short of the radical action and bold vision demanded only last week by millions of kids and grownups in the largest climate protest in history. On protecting wildlife, Newsom said the UK would have a much bigger impact “if it paused trade talks with Brazil until the Amazon is protected while committing to putting environmental and human rights protections at the heart of all future trade deals”.
To find the latest (I)NDC for the UK click here at the UN’s NDC Registry (Interim)
The EU INDC covers all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol (for Ozone) and excluding Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) which were to be included in the greenhouse gas mitigation framework before 2020:
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Nitrous Oxide (N2O)
Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)
Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3)
Policy on how to include Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) into the 2030 greenhouse gas mitigation framework will be established as soon as technical conditions allow and in any case before 2020.
Since the EU submitted the INDC that covered the UK it revised its framework in 2018 with new Key EU Targets for 2030.
At least 40% cuts in greenhouse gas emissions(from 1990 levels)
At least 32% share for renewable energy
At least 32.5% improvement in energy efficiency
Note that these exclude emissions and removals from land use, emission and removals from land use change and forestry (LULUCF).
UK Climate Change legislation The UK manages its emissions reductions through the Climate Change Act 2008 which: “commits the UK to reducing emissions by at least 80% in 2050 from 1990 levels“.
The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) is the independent, statutory body set up to advise the UK Government on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and preparing for climate change. The CCC proposes ‘Carbon Budgets’, which get approved by Parliament, and then need policies and legislation to deliver the reductions.
The Government published its Clean Growth Strategy in Oct 2017, but the CCC Chairman, Lord Deben, said: “The Clean Growth Strategy is ambitious in its aims to build a thriving low-carbon Britain but ambitions alone are not enough. As it stands, the Strategy does not deliver enough action to meet the UK’s emissions targets in the 2020s and 2030s.
The CCC does not believe that the UK is on course to meet the legally binding Budgets “We identify a gap of around 100 MtCO2e (47% of the required emissions reduction) between Government plans and the path required to meet the recommended fifth carbon budget in 2030”
This Fifth Carbon Budget stresses that the budget requires important contributions from:
electric vehicles (making up the majority of new car and van purchases in 2030),
low-carbon heat (providing heat supply for around one in seven homes and over half of business demand),
solid wall insulation (in around a quarter of suitable homes) and
around a 15% reduction in agriculture emissions,
alongside more conventional energy efficiency improvements.
Impact in the UK of Climate Change caused by global warming
Since the 2017 election threats and damage due to Climate Change and to the Natural Environment have been much more widely understood, and many voters would like to know whether they can trust politicians to address these effectively. Actions by Extinction Rebellion and straight talk by Greta Thunberg resulted in a UK Climate Emergency […]
Highgate Society Programme 21 November 2019 (daytime) Recycling visit to Bywaters Lee Valley For further details see the Highgate Society front page. For some recent Events click here. ————————————————————————————————————
As a new set of MEPs take their seats in the EU Parliament it is timely to be aware of how the EU works to co-ordinate climate breakdown action across the 28 member states, Many of the changes that should be made to address the increase in global carbon intensity also address the pollution of […]
Since Extinction Rebellion burst onto the International stage members of Transition Highgate have leapt to its banner and are supporting the aims of demanding that politicians take emergency action to minimise climate damage as soon as possible. On 30th January members listened to the talk by Millie Guest with slides illustrating the grave and imminent […]
Bloomberg’s carbon clock has a constant countdown towards the catastrophic 450pmm concentration of CO2 and CO2 equivalent in our atmosphere. MCC shows the ‘carbon budget’ and time left to avoid global heating of 2˚C, with a much shorter time by clicking 1.5˚C scenario button. The world’s leading climate scientists, in a special report for the […]
The intentions of the leading UK political parties regarding Climate Change, Energy transition and Air Quality in their 2017 manifestos are investigated. Includes an update on 10th June on the DUP manifesto.
Leonardo Dicaprio’s film is truly scary – not in the usual horror film way, but because it truly captures the devastation already being wreaked on our world. Leonardo sets the scene with the allegory of Bosch’s The Garden of Earthly Delights, where mankind is originally innocent, then enjoys earthly delights and then suffers in a […]